UK Political Party Affiliation
- Alliance Party of Northern Ireland
- Gibraltar Social Democrats
- Gibraltar Socialist labour Party
- Green Party of England and Wales
- Green Party in Northern Ireland
- Labour Party
- Labour Party of Gibraltar
- Liberal Democrats
- Plaid Cymru
- Scottish Green Party
- Scottish National Party
- Sinn Fein
- Social Democratic and Labour party (SDLP)
- Ulster Unionist Party (UUP)
- Democratic Unionist Party (DUP)
- People Before Profit Alliance (PBP)
- Traditional Unionist Voice (TUV)
- UK Independence Party (UKIP)
During the 2016 EU Referendum Campaign there were four main groups, for the remain side there was Britain Stronger in Europe and for the Leave side there was Vote Leave, Leave.UK and Grassroots Out
Britain Stronger in Europe
The official group campaigning for the UK to remain in the EU was called Britain Stronger in Europe. Britain Stronger in Europe was endorsed by the conservative Prime Minister David Cameron and Chancellor George Osborne.
The Britain Stronger in Europe was based on 10 key facts Britain Stronger In:
- As part of Europe, British businesses have free access to sell to 500 million consumers. If we left the EU, our trade would face tariffs and barriers.
- Independent experts have found that over 3 million jobs in Britain are linked to our trade with Europe
- A strong economy means households are better off in Europe. If Britain were to leave Europe, the hit to the economy would be equivalent to £4,300 for each UK household
- Being in the EU means a stronger economy, which means more investment in public services. Leaving would mean spending cuts of £36bn.
- 44% of the UK’s international exports are to EU countries, worth £229 billion in 2014
- Between 2004 and 2014, the average investment from European countries every year was £24.1 billion, that’s over £66 million a day in investment from Europe.
- The cost of holidays are cheaper in the EU, for example because the price of flights has come down 40% because the EU changed the rules to allow low cost airlines like EasyJet to set up in Europe.
- Over 200,000 UK students have spent time abroad on the Erasmus exchange programme. Students who have undertaken placements on the Erasmus programme are 50% less likely to experience long term unemployment than their counterparts.
- Workers’ rights are protected by EU legislation, including entitlements to paid holiday of at least four weeks a year, maximum working hours, antidiscrimination laws and statutory paid maternity and paternity leave.
- Our access to the European Arrest Warrant (EAW) has meant over 1,100 suspected criminals have been arrested in the EU and returned to Britain to face justice. Also under the European Arrest Warrant, Britain has sent 7,400 suspected criminals who had fled here back to the EU.
Vote Leave was the official campaign for the UK to leave the EU. Vote leave was fronted by Conservative MP Boris Johnson, Secretary State for Justice Michael Gove and Labour MP Gisela Stuart.
Vote Leave was based on 8 premises:
- We stop handing over £350 million a week to Brussels
- We take back control of our borders and kick out violent criminals
- We take back the power to kick out the people who make our laws
- We decide what we spend our own money on
- We free our businesses from damaging EU laws and regulations
- We take back the power to make our own trade deals
- We have better relations with our European friends
- We regain our influence in the wider world and become a truly global nation once again
Leave.Eu and Grassroots Out
Leave.EU and Grassroots Out were campaigns for leaving the EU. Nigel Farage is a key member of both organisations, with Grassroots Out being backed by UKIP donor Arron Banks.
By voting to leave the EU, we are taking back control of our sovereignty, we will be able to put in place our own policies and laws on immigration and our economy, including industry and energy. Agriculture and fishing will also benefit from falling under national administration for the first time in over forty years. We will now be able to take back control of our country.
In time we will be able to improve upon our position as the 5th largest economy in the world by taking back control of our finances and trade deals. We are now in a position to dictate our own trade agreements with the rest of the world.
New Prime Minister
After the result was announced David Cameron announced he would resign as Prime Minister. Cameron was succeeded by Theresa May on the 13th July 2016.
Labour Power Struggle
The Labour party also endured another leadership challenge as a result of the EU referendum. Incumbent leader of the opposition for Labour, Jeremy Corbyn was challenged by Owen Smith. On the 24th September it was confirmed that Corbyn had defeated Smith, so remained Labour leader.