Francois Gerard Georges Nicolas Hollande was born on the 12th August 1954 in Rouen, France. Hollande is a French politician, who has been President of the French Republic since 2012. Hollande was previously the First Secretary of the French Socialist Party from 1997-2008, Mayor of Tulle from 2001-2008 and President of the Correze General Council from 2008-2012.
In the 2012 French Presidential Election, Hollande received 28.63% of the votes in the first round on the 22nd April 2012. There was a second round on the 6th May 2012 between Francois Hollande and Nicolas Sarkozy. Hollande received 51.64% to 48.36% for Sarkozy. Hollande was subsequently elected as the 24th President of the Republic of France on the 15th May 2012.
Incumbent president Francois Hollande of the Socialist Party is eligible for a second term but on the 1st December 2016 said “I’ve decided not to be a candidate to renew my mandate” and “The world, Europe, France have faced particularly serious challenges during my mandate. In these particularly challenging circumstances I wanted to maintain national cohesion,” BBC – Hollande Not Seeking Re-election
Hollande’s very low popularity ratings are in part to publications by La Monde and three terrorist attacks which have rocked France.
- Over a period of five years, Hollande was interviewed 60 times by Gerard Davet and Fabrice Lhomme. These interviews were published in a book called “Un président ne devrait pas dire ça… Les secrets d’un quinquennat” or “A President Should Not Say That… Secrets of Five Years in Office BBC La Monde Publication. Amongst several controversial comments Hollande said the following: France has a “problem with Islam,” The “veiled women of today will be the Marianne of tomorrow” and Nicolas Sarkozy is a “little de gaulle and a “Duracell bunny”
- Terrorist Attack No.1 – 7th January 2015 when two terrorists forced their way into the offices of French satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo. 12 people were killed and 11 were injured. Al Qaeda’s branch in Yemen claimed responsibility for the attack.
- Terrorist Attack No.2 – 13th November 2015 when three suicide bombers struck outside the Stade de France, there were several mass shootings and a suicide bombing outside cafes and restaurants and a mass shooting at an Eagles of Death Metal in the Bataclan Theatre. During these terrorist attacks 130 people were killed and 368 were injured. ISIL claimed responsibility for the attacks.
- Terrorist Attack No.3 – 14th July 2016 in Nice when a 19 tonne truck was driven into crowds on Bastille Day. 86 people were killed and 434 were injured. ISIL claimed responsibility for the attacks.